The S-400 Triumf air defence system deal, inked by India and Russia on October 5, 2018. The deal was signed by India notwithstanding the US pressure of sanctions. The air defence missile can engage up to 36 targets at a time and simultaneously launch 72 missiles.
S-400 Triumf, is a long and medium range air defense missile system that will provide a much needed “booster” to the Air Force. It is designed to destroy air attacks, including stealth aircraft and any other aerial targets.
The missile can include an all-altitude radar detector and movable towers, and the target detection range of the S-400 system is up to 600 kilometres. This is the most lethal weapons system in the world and it provides four different types of layered air defence.
The delivery of the missile systems, tipped to be over $5 billion, will start in 24 months. Acquiring the missile system will help repulse the air attacks by India’s adversaries, especially Pakistan and China.
The signing of the deal assumes significance as China, too, has signed a deal with Russia to procure the same missile system.
However, the deal comes under the purview of Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), which targets Russia, Iran, and North Korea.
In 1999, S-400 system was demonstrated for the first time at the Kapustin Yar practice range (the Astrakhan Region) to then defence minister Igor Sergeyev. The trials of the most advanced air defense missile system were carried out in the 2000s. The missile system has been in service since April 2007. The S-400 is based on the S-300PMU2 air defense missile complex.